Thursday, April 25, 2013
Today, sectors like medical, computer, management etc. are at the top. After two years, Biotechnology field would be holding position of Super-one. This is the time of information technology along with information and communication technology, but, bright future of human race would be in the hands of Bio-technology in coming days.
What is Biotechnology ?
Biotechnology is a new technology developed by combining biology and engineering. Plants, animals, insects and entire living organisms are part of biotechnology field. Biotechnology impart education on how to use them for welfare of human race.
Fields of Biotechnology :
(1) Genetic Engineering, (2) DNA Technology, (3) Genetic Science, (4) Microbiology, (5) Chemical Engineering, (6) Botany, (7) Zoology, (8) Biophysics, (9) Biochemistry, (10) Agriculture, (11) Food Industry, (12) Pharmaceutical Industry, (13) Detergent Industry and Chemical Industry, (14) Computer Science, (15) Biomechanical, (16) Bioinformatics
National Institutes :
(1) Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, (2) Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advance Research, (3) Indian Veterinary Research Institute, (4) Indian Horticulture Research Institute, (5) Institute for Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology, (6) National Dairy Research Institute, (7) Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.
These reputed national institutes are located at Bengaluru. Food technology is also part of
biotechnology. Government of India’s Central Food Technology Research Institute is set up at Mysore city of Karnataka State.
When in Gujarat ?
We are at present busy with just setting up information technology park. Progressing gradually in I.T. sector whereas Karnataka State has already crossed IT and ICT and has now entered into Biotechnology age. All the elements for setting up of Biotechnology Institute are available in Gujarat, however, nobody knows when it will come up.
Need for a new vision :
In biotechnology, Bioinformatics is considered as the latest field. Bioinformatics emerged by use of computer technology in biotech industry. Many other field to follow this. Parents and student of Standard-12 Science need to select the course keeping in view future of Biotechnology. It is time to adopt new things.
B.Sc. in Biotechnology :
As a part of UGC professional courses, we have Biotechnology as one of the subject for B.Sc. B.Sc. / M.Sc. (Five years integrated) courses have been started in Biotechnology at Ahmedabad, Rajkot and Vallab Vidhyanagar in Gujarat. International level biotechnology courses have been started now at colleges in Karnataka. Latest courses like B.Sc.(Genetics), B.Sc. (Biotechnology) have been launched at Bengaluru.
Job and profession opportunity :
Remember, after B.Sc. in Biotechnology, sky is the limit so far as opportunities for job and
profession are concerned. There are ample opportunities in research works in Food industry for plant bidding, seed technology, detergent industry, medical science, immunity and health sciences. It is advisable to select Biotechnology course for job with handsome salary and profitable profession.
Biotech schools in India :
• School of Life Science, Hyderabad University, Hyderabad.
• Geo-technology School, JNU, New Delhi.
• The Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvanantpuram, Kerala.
• Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, Maharashtra
• Institute of Biotechnology, Life Science and Genetic Engineering Department, G.B.Pant Agriculture Technology Institute, Pantnagar.
• PES Institute of Technology, Bengaluru
• Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, M.S. University, Vadodara, Gujarat.
• Shri M.A. Virani Science College, Rajkot, Gujarat.
• Biotechnology Bhavan, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad.
5-Years : M.Sc./M.Tech./A.Sc. Biotechnology program :
For this program, student of biology or science graduate can appear for entrance examination.
For this course, two main entrance examinations are being conducted by the All India Biotechnology Institute. There are 500 seats available and this entrance test is being conducted at 32 institutes. The another test is a joint entrance exam for admission to the institutes like IIT.
For admission to M.Sc. Biotechnology courses being offered by all the Universities of country, there is single common entrance test which is known as Combined Biotechnology Entrance Exam (CBEE). This exam is conducted at selected centers in country. By clearing this exam, one can get admission to the M.Sc. Agriculture, M.Sc.Biotech and M.Tech. Biotech courses. This exam is conducted by the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
For contesting in this exam, Graduation with any science subject with minimum 55 marks is
necessary. By cracking this exam, you can get admission to any recognized university of the country.
Examination is conducted at 68 selected centers countrywide. Application form can be obtained by forwarding demand draft for Rs.180/- in favor of Deputy Registrar, JNU, New Delhi 110 067 or from any University so designated by the JNU. In Gujarat, JNU has collaboration with M.S.University and Sardar Patel University. For further details, please visit website www.jnu.ac.in. Indicate clearly about the course for which you are applying.
Ph.D. in Biotechnology :
If you are interested in research work, Ph.D. in Biotechnology is a must. For Ph.D., fellowship is available. If you have inclination for earning livelihood through research work rather than doing a job, you can go for Ph.D. Admission can be easily secured through GAT exam (engineering graduates), UGC, IRF, CSIR, ICMR etc. In India, 6-year Ph.D. program is available at B.Sc. at institutes like IISC.
Exploring secrets of earth is not only interesting but can also be beneficial from monetary point of view as also a window to open plentiful career opportunities for you. IIT, Mumbai is conducting 2-years M.Tech. course in Petroleum-Geo Sciences through its Department of Earth Sciences. There are 11 seats where all practical aspects of earth sciences are covered.
In M.Sc. program, all theoretical aspects are covered whereas in M.Tech. programs, practical aspects like petroleum exploration, exploration of metal and non-metallic minerals and ground water are given emphasis. Earth Sciences program not only assist in exploration of raw material for industrial growth, but it also reveals information on basic aspects of the earth also.
IIT also conducts course in Earth Sciences Geo-exploration where M.Tech. courses are available in the subjects of exploration of water/minerals/petroleum under the crust of earth.
Learning Earth Sciences is very experimental and lucrative from economic point of view also.
In this age of growing demand for energy and earth sciences provides opportunity for advanced research systems, auditing of coal and petroleum, atomic mineral and hydro-energy fields which remained unexplored and tough sources.
Eligibility : M.Sc. (Geology), M.Sc. (Geo-physics) and valid GAT score.
Course Fee : Rs.46,000/-
Institutes : Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Mumbai/Roorkee/Kharagpur
Attractive career of merchant Navy
The students who have passed Standard-12 Science stream can get admission to the – 4-years Bachelor in Marine Engineering or 3-years Bachelor in Nautical Science course by appearing in IITJEE exam.
The job :
In merchant navy, the first is deck department among its main departments which is headed by Master, Chief Mat or Captain. Than come ‘first mat’. To assist both these officers, there is Second Mat, thereafter, Third Mat and Harbour Master and than comes pilot of ship and Serang. So far as Engine Department is concerned, it is headed by Ship Engineer who is assisted by Second, Third, Fourth Engineers and other staff. This department also consists of Electrical Officer, Radio Officer and Sea Canny. This ‘Sea Canny’ is holding steering of the ship. Thereafter comes ‘Service Department’ where Chief Steward and Chief Cook are the boss. To assist them, there are cook makers and mess man.
Nautical surveyors, light keepers, dress divers and skin divers comes at bottom of hierarchy.
Method of selection / training :
For getting appointed as Navigating Officer on merchant ships, ‘Certificate of Competency’ is essential as per provisions of Indian laws concerning mercantile marine master and Mats exams. Those who are qualifying from T.S. ‘Chanakya’ (as navigating officer) gets first competency certificate of ‘Second Mat’ (foreign trade). Following the degree course of Nautical Science at training ship ‘Chanakya’, training for one year on Deck Department of Merchant Ship as Cadet Officer is being imparted during which period stipend is also paid. Thereafter only, he is issued certificate of ‘Second Mat’ (Foreign trade). Candidates who has passed examination of B.Sc. Nautical Science from Mumbai University are given certain relaxations for exam of Certificate of Competency. Examinations for marine engineers are being conducted by the Director General of Shipping, Mumbai working under the Union Ministry of Surface Transport.
Admission to B.Sc. (Nautical Science) at T.S. Chankya, Navi Mumbai (for 3 years) and Marine Engineering Degree Course (4 years duration) of Marine Engineering and Research Institute (MERI), Kolkatta :
Admission to both these courses are being granted through JEE conducted every year for IITs in the month of May. There is no separate entrance exam for T.S. Chanakya (90 seats) and MERI (120 seats). For appearing in JEE exam, the candidate should forward a separate application to the Director General of Shipping for admission to these courses, after submission of form to the IIT.
For admission to T.S. ‘Chanakya’, students wearing power glass is not allowed, however, his
normal vision should be 6/6 in both the eyes whereas, in case of MERI, students wearing spectacles are allowed, but he should be with power not more than -2.5 or +2.5 as also he should not have defective color vision.
1. Director General of Shipping, Jahaz Bhavan, W.H. Marg, Mumbai 400 001.
2. T.S. Chanakya, Karave, Nerul, Navi Mumbai 400706.
3. Marine Engineering and Research Institute, P-19, Tarotola Road, Kolkatta 700088.
Naval Engineering, B.Tech. Naval Architecture : Naval architect word itself describes its meaning. This is the word connected with a profession about which very few people know. This profession has its own distinction in architecture field. The work of persons engaged in this profession is to design ship, designing marine crafts like ship or boat, submarine or steamer, be it for commercial use or for requirement of naval forces for boarder protection, according to their requirements.
The main job of naval architect is to design and construct various marine crafts like merchant ships, marine oil/gas tanker, cargo ship, cruise liners etc. passenger vehicle ferry boat; war ships including frigates, destroyers, aircraft carriers, amphibious ships etc., submarine and other marine vehicles, hovercraft, multi-pool ship, hydrofoil craft etc., fishing boat, pilot vessels, rescue craft, powerboat etc.
Career opportunities : Now a days, naval architect is considered under the category of engineering and therefore, it is called engineering also. That is the reason why Naval Architect is renamed as Naval Engineer and its dignity is due to their skill and creativity. We have very few naval architect in our country. Its ratio viz a viz population if we consider, is one naval architect per 8 lakh population.
The demand is worldwide. Right now, the demand for naval architect is about 6,000 per year whereas only 3,500 step out from the colleges every year. The ship building industry has progressed a lot and therefore, demand for naval architects has increased therefore, better opportunities are created for those aspirants who wish to make career in this field.
Duties of the naval architect include attend the job of repairing, modification or maintenance of ships wherever required and to engage themselves in research and development in this field.
Courses and institutes :
After Standard-12, you have to face entrance test for admission to the Four-year Degree course of Naval Architecture. Further, graduates of Indian Navy can also go for this course for which they can go through channel of technical cadet entry, system of which is based on grading. Other than those, Degree Engineers like Mechanical, Aeronautics, Civil etc. can also go for this course of Naval Architect.
• Naval College of Engineering, INS Shivaji, Lonavala-410402. Course : Naval Engineering.
• College of Engineering, Voltaire, Vishakhapattanam – 530003. Course : B.E. Naval Architect.
• Cochin University of Science and Technology, Department of Technology, Shrikara Campus, Cochi-682022. Course : B.Tech. Naval Architect, B.E. Ship Building.
• Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai 600036.
• Indian Institute of Technology, Department of Ship Technology, Kharagpur – 721302. Course : B.Tech. Naval Architecture.
• Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016. Course: Post Graduate Diploma in Naval Architecture.
• Institute of Ship Building Technology, Mayfair House, Vasco-de-gama, Goa. Course : Post Diploma in Naval Architecture.
Admission to the above institutes shall be after entrance test. Course of Naval Architecture can also be joined at Indian Navy.
Private institutes conducting Naval Architecture course :
• Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani – 333031. (admission based on merit)
• Birla Institute of Technology, PO Mesra, Ranchi-835215.
• Anna University, Chennai 600025.
• Punjab Engineering College, Sector-12, Chandigarh-160012.
This course is also conducted on professional basis at Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur.