Friday, October 2, 2015

Some Jobs of Future

1. Nostalgist

Nostalgists are interior designers who will be tasked with helping the wealthy elderly design spaces that reflect their favorite decades. Whether this means recreating a 1980s living room or a 1950s kitchen, nostalgists will help recreate happy memories for their clients.
This career path combines the roles of therapist, historical researcher and interior designer, and an eye for historical detail is essential.

2. Telesurgeon

Telesurgery (also known as remote surgery) allows trained surgeons to operate on patients remotely using robotic arms, a master controller and a sensory system that provides feedback to its user. This is a concept that's already being practiced.
Telesurgeons will specialize in performing surgeries on patients in far off locations. In addition to a degree in medicine, these surgeons will have backgrounds in robotics and telecommunication technology.

3. Rewilder

The rewilder's job will help undo the damage that humans have caused to the countryside. This means tearing down fences or ripping apart roads and replacing them with forests and natural greenery.
Folks interested in wildlife management, agriculture and environmental sciences will be great fits for this career.

4. Garbage Designer

These designers will make careers out of perfecting the art of upcycling. Upcycling is a way to use trash to create new, better quality items. Garbage designers will see to it that upcycling attempts are efficient and successful, designing ways to make new items with very little waste.
The requirements for this job will include a background in materials science and engineering, and a familiarity with industrial design.

5. Simplicity Expert

Simplicity experts will find ways to help businesses streamline and simplify their day-to-day operations. They'll be tasked with condensing three days of work to half an hour of work or reducing 15 administrative steps down to just three.
Folks who excel at math, have an eye for design and a keen sense of human connections will do well in this line of work.

6. Healthcare Navigator

It can be tricky for hospital patients and their families to understand the complex hospital system. But with the help of a healthcare navigator, patients will have better access to information they need.
While healthcare navigators will have answers to questions regarding procedures and paperwork, they'll also provide support for families struggling to cope with the stress of illness. Excellent navigators will have the knowledge of a healthcare specialist and the sensitivity of a social worker.

7. End of Life Therapist

As life spans increase, planning for the last phases of life will become standard practice. End of life therapists will act as guides to planning for the years before a client's death. This will involve being straight-forward but sensitive about ways to making dying a smoother process.
A background in social work, healthcare, education and psychology will be helpful in this career path.

8. Gamification Designer

Games make excellent tools for helping people of all ages to learn new skills. The gamification designer will combine game logic with everyday activities, events, services and products to make the world a more playfully challenging place.
These designers may also work with doctors and therapists to create games that help people bounce back from the stress of illness.
Gamifications designers will become certified in their fields and will develop a background in human motivation and play behavior. They will also learn to translate game design into real life experiences. 

9. Robot Counsellor

As robots start to play even larger roles in our lives, wealthy people will own robots who act as servants or caregivers. People looking to purchase robots for their homes will work with robot counselors to determine which model is best suited to a family's particular needs. If a robot does not fit in with the family, the counsellor will be on hand to determine better options and to provide care and customer service.
Successful robot counsellors will have skill sets similar to those of today's family counsellors. This means a keen understanding of social work, family counseling and sociology. Robot counsellors will also have training in sales and marketing.

10. Media Remixer

A media remixer takes the job of DJ or VJ to another level by remixing various forms of media into one cohesive new project. These remixers will bring together audio, video, images and augmented reality to create projects ranging from marketing campaigns to wedding entertainment to installation art. These remixers will likely work in a freelance capacity, and will need to be self-driven and able to juggle multiple projects at once.
Highly creative and entrepreneurial types will make excellent media remixers, as knowing how to build a personal brand will be key to their success.

Source : Mashable

Saturday, May 25, 2013

Biotechnology career

Because biotechnology applications exist across healthcare, agriculture, food processing and industry, virtually any college major in a scientific and life science is likely to find a biotech application. Biotech companies per se are most likely to have healthcare applications, and as we’ve already noted, are essentially mid-cap pharmaceutical companies.
Typical college majors among biotech professionals include chemistry, biology, physics, biochemistry, bioengineering, among many others. You can also get an undergraduate degree in bioinformatics. Potential employers span across government, private industry, and academia.
That pretty much covers most of the employment universe, so you may well feel bewildered about how to proceed.
Interconnected institutions
A lucky few understand themselves early enough to have clarity on these issues while still in their teens. If you are one of those and feeling a bit smug, rest assured that, although you have an edge on your colleagues, the work world you are heading into is more complex than it was just a few years ago. Universities are increasingly looking to leverage the intellectual capital of their researchers to land licensing deals with the private sector.
Since much research is funded by the Federal Government (in other words, your taxpayer dollars), the Feds have an incentive to see some of that money get recycled in the private sector economy, through goods and services that can improve the lives and standards of living of ordinary Americans.
Thus, most universities have technology licensing offices that help its scientists set up licensing and entrepreneurial deals with the private sector. The idea is to commercialize the science into products, devices, processes, and products that are useful to consumers. What this translates into is increased revenues for private sector companies, which in turn increases the tax base for the Federal Government. From the private sector’s perspective, venture capitalists are looking increasingly to late-stage research that’s just about ready to be commercialized.
That shortens their period of investment, which means they can cash out faster and invest limited partner dollars into the next promising project. Academic researchers whose work fits those criteria are attractive candidates.
This is because someone else (the Feds) picked up the tab for that uncertain early-stage phase when there is great uncertainty as to whether anything practical will come out of a research idea. Funding from private equity can now go right into creating the practical from the theoretical.
The upshot is that, whatever sector you choose to work in - government, private industry, or academia - you are likely to forge links with people in other sectors.
A passion for biotech
How do you get hired? The most important thing to remember is to know what really excites you, since, as biotech recruiters point out, the most successful candidates exhibit “passion about the work,” and are willing “to work hard and do what it takes to succeed, since many companies are lightly staffed.”
To get hired, you also need to express an abiding “desire to make a difference in the health and well being of others.” But the more challenging part of getting hired in biotech is that educational requirements and work experience are among the most specific of any industry.
That’s because the science on which biotech companies are based is still relatively new and the number of graduates from biotech-related programs in higher educational institutions relatively few. That actually works to the advantage of younger people, who can tailor an academic program to what the industry needs.
It’s worth repeating that “biotechnology” is a set of technologies that are applied throughout several industries. So when making a career choice, review the main areas of application discussed in The Scoop: healthcare, agriculture, food processing and industrial processing.
If you are still in college, know you like the life sciences and are contemplating a future in either discovering or promoting new treatments for hitherto genetically based diseases, then you’ll want to consider carefully the kind of education and other credentialing we discuss here.
A word about scientific leadership
As financing pressures shorten the timelines needed to bring a product to market, a new profile of scientist and a scientific leader is emerging, according to top industry recruiters. The business of developing drugs three factors must come together - management, science and people. “Scientists in today’s environment need to do more than good science,” says a top scientific recruiter.
“They need to have more accountability - i.e., to enable the team to meet milestones or identifiable timelines that in turn generate revenues and additional capital. We need the brilliant minds who also understand that the company has to earn revenues.”
Broadly speaking, “we are seeing a shift in the philosophy of scientific management from one focused purely on science to one that compensates people for meeting business goals in addition to creating great science. “The leaders that will emerge will have both sets of attributes - the ability to lead teams to meet management goals and to create great scientific results.
The key for scientific leaders is to know when the let go and cut out unpromising avenues of research. This shift will create efficiencies, as more capital becomes available to explore more promising leads. It’s all about understanding the scientific bench work in a business context.”
What this means is that, for those aspiring to a career as scientific leaders, it is essential to broaden your perspective earlier than later, so that you will be more effective in the positions of responsibility you will eventually land.

Biotechnology Career

Research and development in biotechnology will continue to drive employment growth in India as well as in abroad.One of the common questions asked by the biotechnology aspirants is requirement of Ph.D. in biotechnology to get in to the biotechnology career? This is a wrong question. Ph.D. is not necessary to have career in biotechnology and they are numerous opportunities, which are generally categorized in to two major divisions. Research based and non-research based.

Research based

Many biological scientists work in research and development. Requires Ph.D. in a chosen or applied subject, which varies from cancer biology, vaccines, immunology, animal biotechnology, plant biotechnology namely so. There is growing demand for people with Ph.D. degree with specialization. It is also important to have degree from reputed institute for best success in academic institute or industry as well. Experts suggest, early years during Ph.D. requires dedication and long hours in laboratory and later years requires planning for postdoctoral training or getting started as young scientists as part of a core team. After developing specialized expertise, they further may read research team or run a lab.

Research based biotechnology career have two places to work, academic and biotech industry.

Academic - Many scientists held faculty positions in colleges, universities and research institutes funded by state and central governments. Almost half of all biological scientists were employed by the state and central government funded institutions. They have more freedom on their specialization research compared to people working in biotech industry. Their work funded by grants from government budget as research and development.

Click here for a latest Scientist positions in India.

Biotech industry - employ as scientist or team leader in R & D departments. This area is also called "discovery research". Because, their work involves discovering a new processes, drugs and technologies. They have less autonomous than academic researchers to choose the area of research, relying instead on the company products and goals. Scientists are increasingly working as a part of team interacting with engineers, business managers and technicians.

Non-Research based

A lot of job prospects in no-research based biotechnology sector for those who are not interested in independent research. Basically you don't required to have Ph.D. but requires Master degree, which is sufficient for the jobs in teaching, R & D departments and others.

Teaching - there are excellent teaching opportunities for people with good teaching skills not interested in lab. Readers and lecturer positions are plenty in universities, postgraduate and degree colleges.

Click here for a latest Faculty positions in India.

Biotech industry - most of the laboratory technicians have master degrees. The functions performed by technicians range from maintaining stocks of reagents and research supplies to performing or supervising routine operations and performing supervised research experiments. Later gaining some experience, they may become scientist with additional qualification and some training.

Others - such as consulting, patent law, and senior management positions require intimate knowledge of scientific fundamentals and research dynamics.

Please visit Admissions helpBIOTECH for latest science/biotech admissions in india.

The 12 Best Engineering and Information Technology Jobs

Engineers and other technical professionals weren't always seen as having the nation's coolest jobs. Many other professions have claimed that distinction over the past few decades, including investment bankers, airline pilots and surgeons. But those days have passed. Perhaps Steve Jobs and his legacy can take credit, but working in engineering, computer science and many other traditionally "nerdy" careers is the new rave.
"We're enjoying a true technology revolution, and techies who can lead that effort by creating and managing great software can write their own tickets," says Tony Lee, publisher of “Software engineers are the rock stars of today's working world, and even computer systems analysts and web developers can claim some of that recognition, since the demand for IT pros is so deep.”
In fact, Software Engineers have the nation's overall best job, according to the Jobs Rated report. Their pay is great, hiring demand for their skills is through the roof, and working conditions have never been better.
"The problem is that we are not producing enough computer science graduates to meet the growing global demand," says Michael Buryk, Business Development Manager at the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). "Even electrical engineers, especially those who work as power engineers, are in short supply, especially given the growth in the fields of alternative energy and Smart Grid."
Petroleum engineering is another field with tremendous career opportunities, as the world's energy needs and new oil and gas exploration require the skill set that only an engineer can deliver. And that demand spans the globe, from central Pennsylvania to Saudi Arabia to Malaysia.
While the number of new computer science graduates from the nation’s colleges remained steady in recent years, overall the number of bachelor’s, masters and doctorate degrees awarded in engineering fields has steadily increased. According to the National Science Foundation, the number of engineering undergraduate degrees awarded annually in the U.S. reached 500,000 in 2009, along with 134,000 graduate degrees and 41,000 doctorates. But even this growing supply of new graduates cannot keep up with demand.
"There is currently a dearth of quality applicants in many technical fields, in addition to computer science," says Lee. "Corporate recruiters are scouring the nation's universities in search of smart engineering and IT students, and they simply can't find enough to fulfill their hiring needs. And that typically translates into those jobs being highly ranked in our report."
The Jobs Rated report measures a range of criteria to determine the top-ranked jobs, including the work environment, current hiring demand, average compensation, stress levels, the long-term career outlook and the physical effort required on the job. When measured together, they provide a clear picture of those jobs that rank higher than others in the field.
Here is the full list of’s Top 12 Best Jobs of 2012 in engineering and information technology:

Program in Polymer Science and Technology

Program in Polymer Science and Technology

The Program in Polymer Science and Technology (PPST) is an interdisciplinary doctoral program offered jointly by the School of Engineering and the School of Science at MIT. PPST is open to qualified students admitted to the graduate program of one of the following MIT departments: Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering.
PPST consists of two phases:
  • Academic Phase

    In the program’s first two semesters, students gain fundamental and advanced knowledge in the field of polymers, from molecular structures to industrial applications. At the end of the two-semester core curriculum, PPST students are examined for doctoral candidacy by a committee of PPST faculty from the four participating academic departments, all of which accept the result of the PPST candidacy exam in place of their departmental qualifying examinations. In subsequent semesters, PPST students take a selection of subjects from their home department’s core graduate academic program to satisfy the PPST minor requirement.
  • Research Phase

    In subsequent semesters, students concentrate on a selected area of polymer research specialization, which culminates in the preparation and defense of a thesis before PPST and departmental faculty.  Procedures for the selection of thesis advisor(s) and composition of the student’s thesis committee are set by the PPST student’s home department.
Successful completion of all PPST program requirements leads to the awarding of a doctoral degree upon the recommendation of the student’s home department.  PPST students have the option to earn a master’s degree through their home departments and various interdepartmental programs at the Institute.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest and most versatile of the engineering professions. This is reflected in the portfolio of current activities in the department, one that has widened rapidly in the past decade. Today, our faculty are involved in projects ranging from the use of nanoengineering to develop thermoelectric energy converters to the use of active control of for efficient combustion; from the design of miniature robots for extraterrestrial exploration to the creation of needle-free drug injectors; from the design of low-cost radio-frequency identification chips to the development of advance numerical simulation techniques; from the development of unmanned underwater vehicles to the invention of cost-effective photovoltaic cells; from the desalination of seawater to the fabrication of 3-D nanostructures out of 2-D substrates.

Graduate Education

MIT’s graduate programs in mechanical engineering attract students with a variety of backgrounds, interests, and talents. We provide extensive opportunities for graduate students to engage in advanced research and collaborate with faculty and colleagues. Together, our community members push the boundaries of their professions, and grow profoundly as engineers, researchers, and innovators.
The mechanical engineering department provides opportunities for graduate work leading to the following degrees:
  • Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering

    The SM in mechanical engineering is awarded based on the completion of advanced study and a major thesis. The thesis, considered the centerpiece of a students’ graduate experience, must be an original work of research, development, or design, performed under the supervision of a faculty or research staff member. Students usually spend as much time on thesis work as on coursework. This degree typically takes about one and one-half to two years to complete.
  • Master of Science in Ocean Engineering

    The curriculum leading to an SM in ocean engineering assumes that students have broad working knowledge in engineering. Graduates of this program are interested in developing the ocean for the good of humanity and are prepared to use whatever engineering disciplines necessary to address problems.
  • Master of Science in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering

    Naval architecture and marine engineering are concerned with all aspects of waterborne vehicles operating on, below, or just above the sea surface. This program is intended for individuals planning to specialize the design of waterborne vehicles and/or their subsystems.
  • Master of Science in Oceanographic Engineering

    To complete this joint program with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), students study and conduct research on the campuses of MIT and WHOI. Students are advised by an MIT faculty member, but may conduct their thesis research under the supervision of MIT or WHOI faculty. While in residence at MIT, students follow a program similar to that of other master’s students in the department.
  • Master of Engineering in Manufacturing

    This twelve-month professional degree program prepares students to assume technical leadership in an existing or emerging manufacturing company. To earn this degree, students must complete a highly integrated set of projects that cover the process, product, system, and business aspects of manufacturing, as well as a group-based thesis project.
  • Mechanical Engineer’s degree

    This program provides an opportunity for further study beyond the master’s level for those who wish to enter engineering practice rather than conduct further research. This degree emphasizes breadth of knowledge in mechanical engineering and its economic and social implications. It is quite distinct from the PhD program, which emphasizes depth and originality of research. The engineer’s degree requires a broad program of advanced coursework and an applications-oriented thesis, and typically requires at least one year of study beyond the master’s degree.
  • Naval Engineer’s degree

    This program provides US Navy and US Coast Guard officers, foreign naval officers, and civilian students interested in ships and ship design with a broad graduate-level engineering education for a career as a professional naval engineer. Completion of this degree requires a higher level and significantly broader range of professional competence in engineering than is required for an SM in naval architecture and marine engineering or ocean engineering.
  • Doctoral degree

    The PhD and ScD are the highest academic degrees offered. Doctoral degrees are awarded upon the completion of a program of advanced study in the student’s principal area of interest, a minor program of study in a different field, and a thesis of significant original research, design, or development. Doctoral degrees are offered in all areas represented by the department’s faculty. The department also offers a joint PhD in Oceanographic Engineering with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute.
Graduate students registered in the Department of Mechanical Engineering may elect to participate in interdisciplinary programs of study, including:
  • Computation for Design and Optimization, for students interested in computational approaches to the design and operation of engineered systems
  • Program in Polymer Science and Technology, designed for students seeking a doctoral degree focused on macromolecular science and engineering
  • Technology and Policy Program, which offers a master’s degree focusing on the role of technology in policy analysis and formulation
  • Leaders for Global Operations (LGO) program, for students with two or more years of work experience who aspire to leadership positions in manufacturing or operations companies. LGO is a two-year dual-degree program that confers a Master of Science in an engineering field together with an MBA from the MIT Sloan School of Management.

Materials Science and Engineering

Students, professors, and researchers in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering explore the relationships between structure and properties in all classes of materials including metals, ceramics, electronic materials, and biomaterials. Our research leads to the synthesis of improved materials in response to challenges in the areas of energy, the environment, medicine, and manufacturing.
Collaborating with industry, government, and other institutions, our research contributes to a broad range of fields. A recent U.S. Army-funded study, used nanotechnological methods to study the structure of scales of the fish Polypterus senegalus, leading to more effective ways of designing human body armor. In the Making and Designing Materials Engineering Contest (MADMEC), student teams design and prototype devices to harness, store, and exploit alternative energy sources. With support from the Lord Foundation, the purchase of advanced equipment is allowing us to build custom experimental equipment, develop and test prototypes, and even make a new part for an unmanned air vehicle.
Our educational programs interweave concepts of materials engineering and materials science throughout the curriculum. Core subjects offered at both undergraduate and graduate levels cover topics necessary for all DMSE students:
  • Biological and Polymeric Materials
  • Computational Materials Science
  • Materials for Energy and the Environment
  • Materials Economics and Manufacturing
  • Nanotechnology, Nanodevices, and Nanomaterials
  • Electronic, Photonic, and Magnetic Materials
  • High-Performance Structural and Environmental Materials
  • Archaeological Materials
This core foundation and appropriate electives lead to a variety of opportunities in engineering, science, or a combination of the two.

Graduate Study

Graduate students in the Department of Materials Science and Electronics participate in research leading to a thesis. Students may also engage in multidisciplinary research projects with students and faculty from other MIT departments.
Our graduate alumni find careers in the fields of electronics, energy and the environment, aerospace, consumer industries, biomaterials and medicine, and in materials preparation and production industries.

Degree Options

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering offers the following graduate degree programs:
  • Master of Science in Materials Science and Engineering

    This program may be taken simultaneously with other departmental or interdepartmental offerings. Students must complete a thesis and be in residence as a full-time regular student for a minimum of one academic term.
  • Doctor of Philosophy or Doctor of Science in Materials Science and Engineering

    PhD candidates work closely with a faculty member on a significant research project in a focused area. Emphasis is placed on the research thesis, which must be of sufficient significance to warrant publication in the scientific literature.